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Julius Caesar Act 1, Scene i Page 1 1. How does Shakespeare make the common people appear to be less than noble? As Flavius and Marullus are from a higher social order as tribunes, it is when the tribunes and commoners all gather to see Caesar and rejoice in his triumph over Pompey that a conflict erupts between the tribunes and commoners and the commoners are referred to as knaves, blocks and stones. 2. What are the
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  Julius CaesarAct 1, Scene i Page 11.  How does Shakespeare make the common people appear to be less than noble? As Flavius and Marullus are from a higher social order as tribunes, it is when thetribunes and commoners all gather to see Caesar and rejoice in his triumph overPompey that a conflict erupts between the tribunes and commoners and thecommoners are referred to as knaves, blocks and stones.2.  What are the people doing that angers Marullus and Falvius? Why does thisanger them? Commoners have gathered to participate in Caesar's triumph over Pompey,another Roman. Caesar is being honored for defeating other Romans rather thanforeigners.3.  What actions do Marullus and Flavius take to correct he situation? Flavius and Marullus become convinced that they must turn the commonersagainst the ambitions of Caesar. They remove the ceremonial decorations placedon public statutes in honor of Caesar's triumph to prevent Caesar from becominga godlike tyrant.Act 1, Scene ii4.  Why does Caesar want Calphurnia to stand in Anthony's path during the race inhonor of the feast of Lupercal? Caesar hopes that Calphurnia may be cured of her sterility by having Antony whois one of the holy runners touch her.5.  What is Antony's response to Caesar's instructions? What does this suggest about their relationship? Antony's response, When Caesar says 'Do this,' it is performed . This suggeststhat Antony respects Caesar's authority and eminence by complying with Caesar'srequest.6.  What is Caesar's reaction to the soothsayer's warning? He says he's a dreamer and sends him away.7.  What complaint does Cassius make about Brutus's behavior towards him? Howdoes Brutus answer this complaint? Since Cassius finds out that Brutus has been engrossed with his own privatethoughts, Cassius reacts by saying he has held back his own ideas because hefeared Brutus was no longer his friend. Cassius compliments the upstandingreputation Brutus holds in the community and that he values so highly. Thisleads Brutus to wonder what danger Cassius would lead him into.8.  Cassius's story attacks what aspect of Caesar's makeup? What is this attack supposed to say to Brutus? Cassius dwells upon Caesar's physical weaknesses that he defines as lack of stamina and the epileptic fits. These weaknesses he argues do not make Caesarany different physically so why should he and Brutus treat Caesar as the god hedesires and allow Caesar to rule over them.  Page 29.  What does Cassius mean by the following statement? 'Brutus' will start a spirit as soon as 'Caesar'. (147) The name Brutus would cause cheering just as easily as Caesar.10.  How does Brutus respond to Cassius's attack on Caesar? Brutus says he will consider Cassius' words. Since Brutus is not completelypersuaded by Cassius, he admits he would rather not be a citizen of Rome in suchstrange times.11.  What astute observation does Caesar make of Cassius? Caesar is uneasy when he observes Cassius' lack of a private life that suggests toCaesar a coldness about Cassius and a lack of human warmth. Cassius is seen asa danger to those in power.12.  What faults does Caesar see in Cassius's nature? Caesar comments to Antony that Cassius loves no plays, hears no music andseldom smiles.13.  What does Caesar mean by the following statement? I rather tell thee what is tobe feared/Than what I fear; for always I am Caesar. (211-12) He is saying he would want to tell them what to fear than the people knowing hisfears.14.  What does this statement show about Caesar's nature? He doesn't want to show weakness, he wants to appear powerful and serious.15.  What story does Casca relate to Brutus and Cassius? What does Casca tell us bythe personal remarks he adds to the story? At the procession Antony offered Caesar a crown three times, each time rejectingit and the crowd cheering him for refusing instead of demanding he accept it.Caesar's angry emotions overcame him and he collapsed. Casca mentions thatwhen Caesar hesitates to accept the crown his motivations seem to be a noble act,but only leads him to believe that Caesar is capable of wanting power andbecoming a dictator.16.  How did the people react to Caesar's fit? What does this tell us about their  feelings for Caesar? Caesar's fit did not did not seem to affect his authority and the crowd continuedto cheer and express their love for Caesar.17.  What information does Casca give about Marullus and Flavius? The tribunes were stripped of the positions as civil servants for removingdecorations from Caesar's statutes.18.  At the end of the scene, what plans does Cassius make to sway Brutus to hiscause? Cassius plans to forge letters from Roman citizens declaring their support forBrutus and their fear of Caesar's rise to power. He will throw the letters intoBrutus's house that evening.  Act I, Scene iii Page 319.  What wonderous things has Casca seen on this night? He has seen lions running free in the streets, an owl out during the day andpeople on fire.20.  What reason does Cassius give for the terrible storm? He reasons that the gods are mad at someone's actions.21.  What important news does Casca give Cassius about the Senate's plan? The Senate intends to crown Caesar king of all the Roman dominions 'save herein Italy.' 22.  What does Cassius mean by the following statement? He were no lion, were not  Romans hinds. (106) Caesar's real power is not from any lion-like characteristics. His strength comesfrom the goodwill and good opinions of the people23.  What instructions does Cassius give Cinna that will help sway Brutus to their cause? He tells him to go lay the letters out where Brutus will find them.24.  What reason does Casca give for wanting Brutus to join their cause? Brutus's participation in their plot will bring worthiness to their plans becausepeople love him.Act II, Scene i25.  What question is Brutus pondering at the opening of the scene? Brutus questions whether to be a part of Caesar's assassination.26.  For what information does Brutus want Lucius to look at a calendar? What isthe significance of what Lucius finds? Brutus asks Lucius to see when the Ides of March takes place. In the publicsquare (Act 1, Scene ii) the Soothsayer tells Caesar to beware of the Ides of March and the date has passed uneventful because Caesar lives.27.  Why do the conspirators want Cicero to join them? The conspirators think Cicero will bring respectability to their actions.28.  Why does Brutus reject Cicero? What is Cassius's reaction and what does thisshow about his and Brutus's relationship? Brutus does not want to mention their plans to Cicero because he will not followplans other men have started. Cassius accepts Brutus's decision on Cicero'sinvolvement. Brutus takes control of the conspiracy plan.29.  What do the conspirators plan to do the next day? They plan to assassinate Caesar.30.  How does Decius say he will make sure that Caesar will come to the Capitol? Decius will bring Caesar to the capital by flattering him and putting him in agood mood so that he is likely to go to the capital with Decius.31.  What has Portia done to show Brutus that she is worthy of knowing his secrets? She appeals to his sense of honor while showing a self-inflicted scar in her thigh,which is a symbol of her loyalty to Brutus.  Act II, Scene ii Page 432.  What strange and horrible things does Calphurnia report to Caesar that havebeen seen that night? Calpurnia insists that earlier that night dead men walked, ghosts wandered thecity, a lioness gave birth in the street, and lightening shattered the skies.33.  What does Calphurnia mean by the following statement? When beggars die, there are no comets seen;/The heavens themselves blaze forth the death of princes. (30-31) Caesar says plans of Gods cannot change and that signs apply to the world ingeneral, not to him personally. So Calpurnia says that the heavens proclaim thedeath of great men (princes), therefore, the omens must have to do with him.34.  How does Decius convince Caesar to go to the Capitol? First Decius makes a positive interpretation of Calpurnia's dream and tells Caesarthe Senate has decided to give him a crown.Act II, Scene iii35.  What is Artemidorus's plan? As Caesar proceeds to the Capitol, Artemidorus plans to hand to Caesar the letterhe has written to warn him of the conspirators.Act II, Scene iv36.  Why is Portia so nervous and upset? On what errand does she send Lucius? Since Brutus did not tell Portia of his plans, Portia is extremely excited,struggling to maintain her self-control and imagining noises that seem to becoming from the capitol. She sends Lucius to give greetings to Brutus and tellhim that she is in good spirits, then report back to her.Act III, Scene i37.  In regard to Artemidorus's request, how does Caesar's nobility doom him? Caesar refuses Artemidorus's pleas to speak with him regarding the conspiracysaying that he gives last priority to his nearest, most personal concerns.38.  What is Metellus Cimber's petition to Caesar? What is Caesar's response and why does he give this response? Metellus approaches Caesar to ask that his brother, Publius Cimber, who wasbanished from Rome, be allowed to return. Caesar refuses to pardon Metellus'sbanished brother because banishment was by lawful decree. Caesar believes heis not only strong, but that he can do no wrong among mortal man because he istruly a god.39.  What does Brutus instruct the conspirators to do before they go before the public? Why does he instruct them to do this? Brutus tells them to bathe their hands in Caesar's blood, then walk to themarketplace with their bloodied swords to proclaim peace, freedom, and liberty.
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