ENGLESKA GRAMATIKA

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Polytechnical Engineering College Subotica Easy Grammar I Exercises with Key Authors Ágnes Szabó MA Szedmina Lívia 1. Use of Tenses I. The Use ______________________________________3. II. Exercises ______________________________________8. III. Solutions ______________________________________18. 2. Sequence of Tenses I. The Use ______________________________________25. II. Exercises ______________________________________26. III. Solutions ______________________________________30. 3. Asking Q
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  Polytechnical Engineering College Subotica  Easy Grammar I Exercises with Key  Authors Ágnes Szabó MA Szedmina Lívia    2 Contents   1. Use of Tenses  I. The Use ______________________________________3.II. Exercises ______________________________________8.III. Solutions ______________________________________18. 2. Sequence of Tenses  I. The Use ______________________________________25.II. Exercises ______________________________________26.III. Solutions ______________________________________30. 3. Asking Questions  I. The Use ______________________________________35.II. Exercises ______________________________________36.III. Solutions ______________________________________42.  4. Reflexive Pronouns  I. The Use ______________________________________47.II. Exercises ______________________________________48.III. Solutions ______________________________________52.  5. Plural of Nouns  I. The Use ______________________________________55.II. Exercises ______________________________________56.III. Solutions ______________________________________61.  6. Conditional Clauses  I. The Use ______________________________________65.II. Exercises ______________________________________66.III. Solutions ______________________________________70.  7. Causative 'have'  I. The Use ______________________________________74.II. Exercises ______________________________________75.III. Solutions ______________________________________79. 8. Passive Voice  I. The Use ______________________________________83.II. Exercises ______________________________________84.III. Solution ______________________________________90.  9. Question Tags  I. The Use ______________________________________95.II. Exercises ______________________________________96.III. Solution _____________________________________102. 10. Test Yourself!  _____________________________________107.Some Solutions _____________________________________116. 11. Appendix  _____________________________________119.     3 1. The Use of Tenses  I.1. The Present Tenses  PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE  1. I work 1. we work 2. you work 2. you work 3. he/she/it works 3. they work 1. Do I work? 1. Do we work?2. Do you work? 2. Do you work?3. Does he/she/it work? 3. Do they work?1. I do not work 1. we do not work 2. you do not work 2. you do not work 3. he/she/it does not work 3. they do not work  Use:   1) when we talk about scientifically proven facts, permanent situations or  general truth (Thesun rises in the east. Oil floats on water.)2) when the action is repeated (He works in a bank.)3) when we refer to a habit or somebody’s characteristic (He smokes a cigarette after lunch. Helikes chess.)4) with stative verbs ( believe, imagine, belong, like, contain, seem) 5) we also use it for future events if the action will happen according to some timetable or schedule. (The train leaves at five. The museum opens at nine.) PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE  1. I am working 1. we are working2. you are working 2. you are working3. he/she/it is working 3. they are working1. Am I working? 1. Are we working?2. Are you working? 2. Are you working?3. Is he/she/it working? 3. Are they working?1. I am not working 1. we are not working2. you are not working 2. you are not working3. he/she/it is not working 3. they are not working Use:  1) We use this tense to refer to actions going on right now (He is watching TV.)2) or to refer to actions happening about now but not necessarily at the moment of speaking (Heis writing a novel.)3) With temporary situations (He is living here until he finds a better flat.)4) for future actions which are arranged in the near future, usually to express a personal plan. (Iam meeting Peter tonight.)   4 I.2. The Present Perfect Tenses  PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE  1. I have known 1. we have known2. you have known 2. you have known3. he/she/it has known 3. they have known1. Have I known? 1. Have we known?2. Have you known? 2. Have you known?3. Has he/she/it known? 3. Have they known?1. I have not known 1. we have not known2. you have not known 2. you have not known3. he/she/it has not known 3. they have not known Use:  1) when we don’t know when the action took place in the past or the time is not specified (Hehas lost his bag.)2) when the action happened in the past but has some consequence or result in the present.  (He has lost some weight.)3) with recently completed actions (He has just arrived.) or with actions occurring in a stilluncompleted period (He has eaten two bags of chips today.) PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS  1. I have been going 1. we have been going2. you have been going 2. you have been going3. he/she/it has been going 3. they have been going1. Have I been going? 1. Have we been going?2. Have you been going? 2. Have you been going?3. Has he/she/it been going? 3. Have they been going?1. I have not been going 1. we have not been going2. you have not been going 2. you have not been going3. he/she/it has not been going 3. they have not been going Use:   1) for an action which began in the past and is still continuing ( or has only just been finished(I have been waiting for you nearly an hour.)2) for  referring to a recent activity to explain our mood or appearance ( Why are you sodirty? I have been working in the garage.) In this case the action is perhaps finished perhaps not.3) to refer to an action which has occurred more than once from the past till now indicatingthat it will probably occur in the future, too (He has been having problems with his knee.) I.3. The Past Tenses 
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