malaysian qualifications framework mqf 2nd edition

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MALAYSIAN QUALIFICATIONS FRAMEWORK (MQF) 2nd EDITION CONTENTS FOREWORD i INTRODUCTION 1. BACKGROUND 1 2. MALAYSIAN QUALIFICATIONS FRAMEWORK AND QUALITY 4 ASSURANCE SYSTEM MALAYSIAN QUALIFICATIONS FRAMEWORK 2nd EDITION 1. DEFINITION 6 2. SCOPE OF FRAMEWORK
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    MALAYSIAN QUALIFICATIONS FRAMEWORK (MQF) 2 nd  EDITION    CONTENTS FOREWORD i INTRODUCTION   1. BACKGROUND 1 2. MALAYSIAN QUALIFICATIONS FRAMEWORK AND QUALITY  ASSURANCE SYSTEM 4 MALAYSIAN QUALIFICATIONS FRAMEWORK 2 nd  EDITION 1. DEFINITION 6 2. SCOPE OF FRAMEWORK 2.1 SECTORS AND QUALIFICATIONS   8 2.2 LEVELS AND QUALIFICATIONS 11 2.3 LEVEL DESCRIPTORS AND PURPOSES 12 2.4 LEARNING OUTCOMES 13 2.5 DOMAINS/CLUSTERS OF LEARNING OUTCOMES 14 2.5.1 APPLICATION OF THE LEARNING OUTCOMES IN CONTEXT 2.5.2 DESCRIPTION ON LEARNING OUTCOMES CLUSTERS  AND APPLICATION CONTEXT 15 i. KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING 16 ii. COGNITIVE SKILLS 16 iii. FUNCTIONAL WORK SKILLS 17 iv. PERSONAL AND ENTREPRENEURIAL SKILLS 18 v. ETHICS AND PROFESSIONALISM 19 3. QUALIFICATION TITLES (NOMENCLATURE) 19 4. CREDIT SYSTEM 20 5. QUALIFICATION PROFILE BY LEVELS OF MQF 21  APPENDICES  APPENDIX 1 30  APPENDIX 2 31  APPENDIX 3 38 GLOSSARY 39   i FOREWORD Qualification Frameworks are not static statements in perpetuity. They are dynamic and would require periodic revisions, to serve their purpose in higher education systems that are constantly changing. It is true for Malaysia as it is for most countries, in the world, where higher education systems are constantly striving to keep abreast of societal changes. These changes affect the daily lives of citizens in one way or another and include the changing industrial structures, the result of global trade practices, the pressures to innovate to remain competitive, sustainability considerations and the philosophical desire to ensure equality and equity for all groups to actively participate and benefit from national development and wealth. The revised Malaysian Qualifications Framework (MQF) is a response by the Malaysian Qualifications Agency (MQA) to the call by Malaysians to make the framework more responsive to better, higher quality and relevant post-secondary education. A series of engagements with the stakeholders, i.e. higher education providers, skills training centres, MQA and Department of Skills Development’s panel of assessors, professional bodies, ministries/policy makers and industries were conducted. This revised MQF brings together a modest alignment to serve three expectations. The framework desires to enhance competencies and potential of learner regardless of sectors for themselves and national needs to quality talent and citizen; to eliminate as much as it is possible the perceived divide between academic and Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) qualifications in terms of quality, relevance, standards and rigour; and finally to establish a strong relationship between the two and lifelong learning. This relationship forms the central core of the revised framework’s direction. The Framework recognises prevailing tensions, especially between academic and TVET and presents a unified approach to learning outcomes especially up to Advanced Diploma (Level 5) and recognises the specific demands of the two sectors beyond that. Frameworks are only as good as the vigour with which they are applied. This requires the full support and cooperation of all those actively involved in the promotion and sustenance of the systems. This will include government, policy makers and higher education providers. MQA has full confidence that this will be done, just as it was done when the first edition of the MQF was introduced in 2007 and implemented in 2011.  ii Overall the changes are modest in addressing the developments in academic and TVET at national and regional levels, and to bring the Framework up to date of the development since its implementation. We would like to acknowledge that in revising MQF, a number of national qualification frameworks and the regional framework, i.e. the ASEAN Qualifications Reference Framework (AQRF) were referred and benchmarked to. Thank you. Dato’ Prof. Dr. Rujhan Mustafa Chief Executive Officer Malaysian Qualifications Agency 2017
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