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Introduction Following the demise oí apartheid and the transition to democracy in April 1994, the new South Aírican go·ernment inherited a well-de·eloped economy characterised by sharp socio-economic inequalities. 1he socio-economic inequalities were particularly marked by aííluence in white communities, and the backwardness oí the nati·e reser·es and homelands inhabited by the majority oí blacks. During the apartheid era, de·elopment eííorts were largely concentrated in high- income white
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